Governance is the enabling environment that requires adequate legal frameworks, efficient political, managerial and administrative processes to enable the local government response to the needs of citizens. It can be defined as the many ways that institutions and individuals organize the day-to-day management of a city, and the processes used for effectively realizing the short term and long-term agenda of a city’s development.
There is no alternative to working together and using collective power to create a better world. Governance is the sum of the many ways individuals and institutions, public and private, manage their common affairs. It is a continuing process through which conflicting or diverse interests may be accommodated and co- operative action may be taken. It includes formal institutions and regimes empowered to enforce compliance, as well as informal arrangements that people and institutions either have agreed to or perceive to be in their interest.
Urban governance is the software that enables the urban hardware to function. Effective urban governance is characterized as democratic and inclusive; long-term and integrated; multi-scale and multilevel; territorial; proficient and conscious of the digital age.
Recognizing that “the structure and processes of city governance have important implications for whether and how urban poverty is addressed” , there is broad consensus among the scientific community on the significance of governance for urban poverty reduction. Therefore, the theme aims at establishing that link and connect the dots which lead to urban sustainability in the long run.
Strengthening the informal
There exists a general perception about the poor which makes it difficult for them to progress. It is important that we make them realize their capabilities and help them make a living and support their families. There are various initiative undertaken for livelihood assistance which help the poor in different forms. It can be skill development or helping them with their business. The theme supports this idea and presents the amazing work done by people and encourages us to it by playing our part.
These program aim at Improve the economic well-being of poor and disadvantaged households and communities through employment-intensive in order to provide income and employment opportunities that contribute to longer term economic growth. These contribute to the goal of improving the livelihoods of vulnerable local communities by enhancing their productivity and thereby increasing their self-reliance.
It connects with our main theme by building sustainable livelihoods with local ownership while re-establishing the basis for continued sustainable human development in villages, particularly the most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups. Immediate employment opportunities in community infrastructure that will enhance sustainable livelihood opportunities for the people below poverty line especially in the remote parts of India
Access to basic social services
At the World Summit for Social Development in Copenhagen, world leaders agreed that international assistance should be targeted towards the basic social services - primary health care, basic education, clean water and proper sanitation - so essential for child well-being. Urban Sustainability can only be accomplished if the delivery of these basic social services to all.. The absence of financial resources lead to a mismatch and this widens the resource gap even further. The whole world is moving towards becoming one and the first step is to ensure the access of these social services to all.
Families living in remote rural areas lack access to essential services such as water and sanitation, health services, quality education for their children, and income-generating opportunities. A huge Indian population does not have access to an improved water source, sanitation facilities and basic healthcare services. They also suffer from poor hygiene practices, malnutrition, and food insecurity.
The theme aims at providing sustainable social protection operational mechanism by providing a common platform to coordinate social interventions. A number of workers in this area have taken initiatives to achieve these outcomes in the face of existing difficulties. There work has been appreciated and they guide us towards developing sustainability in future
Waste and pollution management
Responding to pollution is a priority to end poverty and restore a healthy environment. We are calling on global citizens to show leadership on this issue to demand that pollution be monitored and decisive actions be taken at all levels to save and improve people’s lives.Waste products enter the environment in various forms and threaten the quality of the air, land, and water. Hence, it is extremely important to study the methods of treating waste products and eliminating them from aqueous system.
The danger that plastics cause to the environment today are extremely damaging and initiatives have been taken to cater to that end. We focus on managing the waste by minimizing their use and the reducing the harm they cause to the environment. The aim it to make the country beautiful and establish ways to achieve it.
The distinction between preventing waste from being generated and controlling waste after it is generated is blurred when pollution control actions are included in the definition of waste reduction and similar terms. The most serious problems is that any definition included in waste management, including waste treatment and recycling away from the production site, diverts attention away from the goal of waste reduction. We will be taking up various initiatives which enlighten our understanding on how to manage our surroundings for the best.
Protecting the core environment
Protecting the earth is one of the issues which calls for major attention in the current era. With rapid industrialization and subsequent deforestation we are causing great damage to our core environment. In addition, our social life is being threatened by the frequent occurrence of natural disasters such as typhoons, droughts and torrential rains around the world due to climate change.
Reduction in the environmental footprint in the supply chain and tackling initiatives related to environmental management need to be aimed at becoming carbon neutral based on efforts to deploy our environmental management system. We need to work continuously to provide products and services that are designed to mitigate or adapt to climate change and protect biodiversity, and to implement environmental protection activities as well as regional and social contribution activities that include environmental awareness raising and education. Through these initiatives, we actively contribute to preservation of the global environment, protection of biodiversity and the creation of environmental value.
This theme aims at the greater good and presents multiple steps taken to nurture our environment protect the earth by balancing urbanism with sustainability